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Posts Tagged ‘HistoryOfWine16thCenturyGermany’

The title woodcut from Georg Horn’s “Hierampelos” (1585)

February 1, 2018 Leave a comment

Title illustration from Georg Horn’s Hierampelos. 1585. [1]

This image is from the title woodcut of Georg Horn’s Hierampelos.  In this book Horn (1542-1603), a pastor from Hammelburg, writes about viticulture, wine making, and references to the Bible.  Compared to the woodcuts I have posted from other 16th century German wine books this one illustrates the tending of vines, harvesting of fruit, and wine making.  As it is not a cellar-book barrels are not included.


[1] Horn, Georg. Hierampelos : Das ist: Bericht vom Wein-baw, das er mit all seinen angehörigen und verwandten stücken in heiliger Göttlicher Schrifft, wol bekandt. 1585.
Signatur: 1042089 4 Oecon. 191 m 1042089 4 Oecon. 191 m. Bayerische StaatsBibliothek digital.  URL: http://www.mdz-nbn-resolving.de/urn/resolver.pl?urn=urn:nbn:de:bvb:12-bsb10990117-2

More images from 16th century German wine books

February 8, 2016 Leave a comment

Image from Arnoldus de Villa Nova "Diser Tractat helt yn von bereytung der wein, zu gesundtheit und nützbarkeit der menschen". 1522. [1]

Image from Arnoldus de Villa Nova “Diser Tractat helt yn von bereytung der wein, zu gesundtheit und nützbarkeit der menschen”. 1522. [1]

I have been slowly looking through 16th century German wine books with an eye towards some 17th century research.  I last did so one year ago when I published Two title pages from German wine books of 1580.  Four of the images in today’s post come from three books originally written by Arnaldus de Villa Nova.  He was born in the mid 13th century and died in the very early 14th century.  This Catalan born physician studied medicine in Montpellier and published a number of books relating wine and medicine.  These books were later published in Germany during the 16th century.  These publications typically include one or two engravings which I have selected for this post.

Image from Arnoldus de Villa Nova "Diser Tractat helt yn von bereytung der wein, zu gesundtheit und nützbarkeit der menschen". 1522. [1]

Image from Arnoldus de Villa Nova “Diser Tractat helt yn von bereytung der wein, zu gesundtheit und nützbarkeit der menschen”. 1522. [1]

The first images come from Diser Tractat helt yn von bereytung der wein, zu gesundtheit und nützbarkeit der menschen (1522) or “This treatise contains the making of wine, for health and usefullness of mankind”.  This book includes two lovely images, one of a man and woman harvesting grapes from a trellised vines and another of a man in a wine cellar looking at a glass of wine fresh from barrel, perhaps checking for clarity.

Arnoldus de Villa Nova, "Tractat von bereyttung der Wein". 1529. [2]

Arnoldus de Villa Nova, “Tractat von bereyttung der Wein”. 1529. [2]

From the second book Tractat von bereyttung der Wein (1529) or “Treatise of making of wines” comes another image of a man in a wine cellar.  He is surrounded by the tools, perhaps, to top off wine.  The man is standing next to one cask holding a rod that goes into the bung hole.  Due to his two-handed grip and body position, it looks like he is stirring the lees in one cask.

Arnoldus de Villa Nova. "Ein Schöns buchlein von bereytung der wein und bier zu gesundheit und nutzbarkeit der menschen". 1532. [3]

Arnoldus de Villa Nova. “Ein Schöns buchlein von bereytung der wein und bier zu gesundheit und nutzbarkeit der menschen”. 1532. [3]

The third book Ein Schöns buchlein von bereytung der wein und bier zu gesundheit und nutzbarkeit der menschen (c. 1532) or “Of making and using of the wines for the Health and usefulness for mankind” illustrates yet another man in a wine cellar.  He is inspecting a glass of wine he poured from a faucet in a cask.  All three wine cellars have windows for light or ventilation.

"Kellermaysterey : Gründtlicher bericht, wie man alle wein Teutscher vnd Welscher landen, vor allen Zufällen bewaren, die besthafften widerbringen". 1559. [4]

“Kellermaysterey : Gründtlicher bericht, wie man alle wein Teutscher vnd Welscher landen, vor allen Zufällen bewaren, die besthafften widerbringen”. 1559. [4]

The final images comes from Kellermaysterey : Gründtlicher bericht, wie man alle wein Teutscher vnd Welscher landen, vor allen Zufällen bewaren, die besthafften widerbringen (1559) or “Winemaker: Thorough reporting on all wine Teutonic and Celtish, beware all coincidences that best resist”.  In this image the man is topping off a cask.  In the cask behind him a rod is sticking out of the bung hole.  It is possible that he is gauging the cask but given the previous image, it is also possible the rod is for stirring the lees. Thoughts?


[1] – Arnoldus <de Villa Nova> / Wilhelm <von Hirnkofen>: Diser Tractat helt yn von bereytung der wein, zu gesundtheit und nützbarkeit der menschen, Straßburg, 1522 [VD16 A 3665]. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. URL: http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/0002/bsb00025687/images/
[2] Arnoldus <de Villa Nova>: Tractat von bereyttung der Wein …, Augspurg, 1529 [VD16 A 3666]. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. URL: http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/bsb00007500/images/
[3] Arnoldus <de Villa Nova>: Ein Schöns buchlein von bereytung der wein und bier zu gesundheit und nutzbarkeit der menschen, Zwickau, [ca. 1532] [VD16 A 3673] Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. URL: http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/0003/bsb00034053/images/
[4] Kellermaysterey : Gründtlicher bericht, wie man alle wein Teutscher vnd Welscher landen, vor allen Zufällen bewaren, die besthafften widerbringen …, Augspurg 1559. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek.  http://www.mdz-nbn-resolving.de/urn/resolver.pl?urn=urn:nbn:de:bvb:12-bsb11217801-0

Two title pages from the first German wine books of 1580.

March 23, 2015 1 comment

 Gruelich, Martin. Weinbüchlin. 1580. Munchener Digitalisierungs Zentrum. [1]

Gruelich, Martin. Weinbüchlin. 1580. Munchener Digitalisierungs Zentrum. [1]

The oldest wines books in German date to the late 16th century and incredibly, they are available for reading online.  These books cover a variety of subjects such as how to make and  raise wine, restore wine from off states, and how to simply enjoy it.  Johann Rasch (1540-1512) was an Austrian cleric, writer, and booksellers.  His book Das ist: Vom baw und pflege des Weins (1580) is considered the first thorough treatment of wine growing and tasting.  In doing so it covers such topics as the importance of wine in the Eucharist as well as how to detect if a wine was watered down.  Another practical matter is Johann Rasch’s recipe to prevent a hangover.  This involves eating “Wethamerwurtz oder Petulanakraut” or drinking milk.  Perhaps as a result of Johann Rasch’s appreciation of books, his first edition contains a particularly detailed engraving.  From what I can tell, little information exists in English about these important early books, which is incredible as well.

Rasch, Johann. Das ist: Vom baw und pflege des Weins.  1580. Munchener Digitalisierungs Zentrum. [2]

Rasch, Johann. Das ist: Vom baw und pflege des Weins. 1580. Munchener Digitalisierungs Zentrum. [2]


[1] Gruelich, Martin. Weinbüchlin , Ein Neüwe unnd hübsche bewerte kunst, wie man die Wein erhalten soll und dem bresthafftigen abgefalnen Wein wider helffen. 1580. [VD16 ZV 7030] Munchener Digitalisieruns Zentrum. URL:  https://opacplus.bsb-muenchen.de/metaopac/search?documentid=1705562
[2] Rasch, Johann. Das ist: Vom baw und pflege des Weins, Wie derselbig nützlich sol gebawet, Was ein jeder Weinziher oder Weinhawer zuthun schuldig, Auch was für nutz und schaden durch sie kan außgerichtwerden , Allen Weingart Herren sehr nothwendig zu wissen.  1580.  Munchener Digitalisieruns Zentrum. URL:  https://opacplus.bsb-muenchen.de/metaopac/search?documentid=920059