More images from 16th century German wine books
I have been slowly looking through 16th century German wine books with an eye towards some 17th century research. I last did so one year ago when I published Two title pages from German wine books of 1580. Four of the images in today’s post come from three books originally written by Arnaldus de Villa Nova. He was born in the mid 13th century and died in the very early 14th century. This Catalan born physician studied medicine in Montpellier and published a number of books relating wine and medicine. These books were later published in Germany during the 16th century. These publications typically include one or two engravings which I have selected for this post. The first images come from Diser Tractat helt yn von bereytung der wein, zu gesundtheit und nützbarkeit der menschen (1522) or “This treatise contains the making of wine, for health and usefullness of mankind”. This book includes two lovely images, one of a man and woman harvesting grapes from a trellised vines and another of a man in a wine cellar looking at a glass of wine fresh from barrel, perhaps checking for clarity. From the second book Tractat von bereyttung der Wein (1529) or “Treatise of making of wines” comes another image of a man in a wine cellar. He is surrounded by the tools, perhaps, to top off wine. The man is standing next to one cask holding a rod that goes into the bung hole. Due to his two-handed grip and body position, it looks like he is stirring the lees in one cask. The third book Ein Schöns buchlein von bereytung der wein und bier zu gesundheit und nutzbarkeit der menschen (c. 1532) or “Of making and using of the wines for the Health and usefulness for mankind” illustrates yet another man in a wine cellar. He is inspecting a glass of wine he poured from a faucet in a cask. All three wine cellars have windows for light or ventilation. The final images comes from Kellermaysterey : Gründtlicher bericht, wie man alle wein Teutscher vnd Welscher landen, vor allen Zufällen bewaren, die besthafften widerbringen (1559) or “Winemaker: Thorough reporting on all wine Teutonic and Celtish, beware all coincidences that best resist”. In this image the man is topping off a cask. In the cask behind him a rod is sticking out of the bung hole. It is possible that he is gauging the cask but given the previous image, it is also possible the rod is for stirring the lees. Thoughts?
 – Arnoldus <de Villa Nova> / Wilhelm <von Hirnkofen>: Diser Tractat helt yn von bereytung der wein, zu gesundtheit und nützbarkeit der menschen, Straßburg, 1522 [VD16 A 3665]. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. URL: http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/0002/bsb00025687/images/
 Arnoldus <de Villa Nova>: Tractat von bereyttung der Wein …, Augspurg, 1529 [VD16 A 3666]. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. URL: http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/bsb00007500/images/
 Arnoldus <de Villa Nova>: Ein Schöns buchlein von bereytung der wein und bier zu gesundheit und nutzbarkeit der menschen, Zwickau, [ca. 1532] [VD16 A 3673] Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. URL: http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/0003/bsb00034053/images/
 Kellermaysterey : Gründtlicher bericht, wie man alle wein Teutscher vnd Welscher landen, vor allen Zufällen bewaren, die besthafften widerbringen …, Augspurg 1559. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. http://www.mdz-nbn-resolving.de/urn/resolver.pl?urn=urn:nbn:de:bvb:12-bsb11217801-0