19th century map showing vineyards surrounding Herat, Afghanistan
This late 19th century map of Herat, Afghanistan is centered on the citadel of Herat which dates back to 330 BC. The map also details plots of cultivated land surrounding the citadel. These plots are divided between vineyards and gardens. If you look closely at the map you’ll see that there are many vineyards surrounding all four sides of the citadel.The vines at Herat were typically trained for climbing. The grapes were, according to some, considered the “finest”. While they were largely used to produce raisins and treacle, some wine and spirits were produced as well.
 Herat, Afghanistan. Wyld, James. c. 1880. American Geographical Society Library, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Libraries. World Digital Library. URL: http://collections.lib.uwm.edu/cdm/ref/collection/agdm/id/499
 A Dictionary of the Economic Products of India, Volume 6, Part 4. 1893. URL: https://books.google.com/books?id=dd10bZS6IDsC&pg=PA2#v=onepage&q&f=false